|Still not my kind of notes; getting closer?|
Wednesday, June 15, 2016
So, shall we continue from where we left off? Great! Part two from my note of unit two!
(Bold indicates Old English)
Beah-gifa (ring-giver, king)
Fyrd (militia): fürd
Grene (green): GRE-neh
Getrum (troop): yuh-TRUM
Tirfӕstra (of the glorious): tir—glory+fӕst
Folde (earth): poetic word for earth.
Blӕdum (with fruits): dative plural of blӕd, bled.
Beorh, beorg (hill, mountain)
On heofenum (in the heavens): dat. Pl. of heofenus—heavens—from heofon, heaven.
Dӕda (of deeds)
Demand (judge): DÉ-mend
--an (infinitive): indicates the modern English ‘to.’ It is always seen as a suffix on the end of a word. Indicates a timeless, a-temporal, standing of the word; possible for it to refer to either past, present, or future.
Old English auxillary helping verbs include sceal (must), mӕg (can), mot (is allowed), wile (will, wants). Infinitives may appear later in the sentence.
Sometimes in old English, an infinitive will be omitted by an ellipsis because the intended meaning is supposed to be known intrinsically by the reader. Such as during the reading of religious texts.
--burh (indicates a fortified settlement or walled town)
--tun (indicates an enclosure, farm or estate)
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