Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Notes (Pt.2)

Not the kind of note I am talking about, but in the same family. *wink, wink*




Gather around ye children, it is time for uncle Curtis’s ye old notes on Old English (in this introductory sentence, however, the historicity is questioned as ‘ye’ is, as far as I understand it, something which only transpired during the Renaissance, so it doesn’t make sense for it to be in an Old English preface…). At any rate, here is my notes to Unit One of Mark Atherton’s ‘Teach Yourself’ guidebook.

(Bold denotes Old English)
~
Strategies for reading Old English.
                + Mark up the inflections (prefixes and suffixes).
                + Do a literal word for word translation of the text.
                + Hear the text, if possible, via a recording or with someone.
                + Observe the patterns of the language (inflections, singular vs. plural, etc.).

Pronounce out loud.
                +Her: ‘hayr’
                +wӕs: ӕ represents a medium low-front vowel like an ‘a’ in modern ‘cat.’
                +Eadward: ‘Aird-ward’
                +gehalgoad: ‘yuhHALgod’
                + -dӕig: ‘dӕi’
                +myccelum: ‘MUTCH-eh-lum’
                +wyrðscype: ‘WÜRTH-shih-peh’

Old English often places the verb in second position with the subject following.
                + ‘To’ is often used instead of ‘as’ ; ‘on’ usually followed by a time or location.
                +’un’ is a negative prefix.

Many people had a single name called a personal name, which were dithematic since it was made of two meaningful words put together.

Franks and Goths (Notes:49)

Historians have long hated equating the fall of the last Roman emperor with the fall of the empire itself; in terms of classes, social stru...